Candida albicans and diabetes are strongly linked. Candida is a yeast like fungus that causes various types of infections, often referred to as candidiasis. There are over 200 different types or candida species, the most common being Candida Albicans (50%-60% of all cases).
This fungus is a major cause of vaginal yeast infections, diaper rash and oral thrush
People with diabetes are particularly susceptible to developing candida infections, often on a recurring basis (also known as recurring candida). The elevated blood sugar in poorly controlled diabetes provides a an ideal environment for the fungus to grow. The fungus feeds off of the sugar in your blood.
The symptoms of candida albicans is usually an itchy red rash surrounded by tiny blisters and scales. Sometimes the area is white, similar to how thrush looks.
The infections normally occur on the skin or in mucous membrane areas, such as between fingers and toes, armpits, groin, under breasts, vagina, mouth (thrush), rectum and under foreskin. It can also occur in the urinary track.
The fungus can also cause more serious widespread or internal infections in some people. Internal infection symptoms are less obvious, including but not limited to blood in the urine, blurred vision, or eye pain.
Causes and Treatment
Candida is usually caused by a weakened immune system, such as diabetes, HIV or leukemia. It can also be caused by a side effect of antibiotic treatment. Antibiotics destroy bacteria (which in turn destroy fungi). The reduction in normal bacteria can allow candida fungi to grow unchecked.
Candida albicans treatments can vary. Diabetics should consult with their doctor if they suspect that they have an infection. Usually, a prescription medication can clear up the condition before it spreads or gets worse.
Candidiasis, webmd.com (accessed December 2008).
Candidiasis, emedicine.medscape.com (accessed December 2008).
By Erich Schultz – Last Reviewed May 2013.